UNHCR and the Key Challenges in Protecting the Borno state IDPs of Nigeria

Tasiu Magaji, Mohammad Zaki bin Ahmad, Laila Suriya Binti Ahmad Apandi


The UNHCR is one of the international humanitarian agencies that have been involved in protecting and assisting the IDPs. Though, the primary responsibility of the UNHCR is to protect the refugees not the IDPs. However, the inability of many states to protect this vulnerable group who are homeless within their own countries necessitates the international community to recognize them as persons of concerned. Consequently, the UNHCR has been assigned with the responsibility to provide protection to the IDPs worldwide. It is based on this that the UNHCR is involved in the IDPs situation in Nigeria. However, the agency has been facing challenges when providing protection to the IDPs in Borno state in particular and Nigeria in general. This research examines the protection challenges facing UNHCR in Borno state. This study uses both primary and secondary data. The primary data gathered from the in-depth interviews with the 12 informants from the heterogeneous group. Additionally, the focus group discussion was conducted with 12 IDPs from two camps in Borno state. The secondary data contain books, journal articles, magazines, reports etc. This study finds that lack of jurisdiction, insecurity, lack of proper coordination, inadequate funding and corruption are the major challenges facing the UNHCR in Borno state.  

Key words: Internally Displace Persons, Refugees, UNHCR, Protection, internal displacement


Internally Displace Persons, Refugees, UNHCR, Protection, internal displacement

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