Communal Violence and State Politics In Uttar Pradesh-2015



The rise of communal violence in the state of Uttar Pradesh in 2015 is quite alarming which can be related to Assembly Elections of 2017.  The increase is not spontaneous rather it has shown pattern since 2013 Muzaffarnagar violence. The year 2014 has witnessed 605 communal riots alone in this state, which amazingly all took place near the By-election’s constituencies of 2014. In 2015, as well state has once again recorded the maximum number of communal riots and killings. Thus the Ministry of Home Affairs has informed the Parliament that the communal violence in Uttar Pradesh has been once again showing the communal political propaganda in the context of Assembly Elections-2017. Hence this paper is an attempt to analyze the communalisation and communal violence-2015. This paper will also examine the new communalisation trends in this state. It will also investigate the communal state politics especially since the Modi Government has come into power. 


Communal Violence, State Politics, Dadri Lynch, Social Media

Full Text:



State Disaster Management Plan on Communal Riots: Draft, Lucknow: Integrated Management, p 43, (Retrieved on March 19, 2016). (Retrieved on February 14, 2016).

Kumar, Ravindra, Mahatma Gandhi on Problem of Communalism., Comprehensive website by Gandhian Institution: Bombay Sarvodaya Mandal and Gandhi Research Foundation, (Retrieved on February 14, 2016).

Communalism and History- Romila Thapar, Hilleletv March 28, 2015, (Retrieved on March 02, 2016).

Brass, Paul R (August 23, 2006): Organised riots & structured violence in India, The Hindu, (Retrieved March 03, 2016).

Brass, Paul R, (2006): Forms of Collective Violence: Riots, Pogroms, and Genocide in Modern India (Three Essays Collectives, p XV.

Varshney, Ashutosh (September 24-30, 2005): Review: An Electoral Theory of Communal Riots?, Economic and Political Weekly 40, no. 39 4219, (Retrieved December 31, 2014).

Ibid, p 4219.

Sara Abraham interviews Dipak Malik (September-October 2003): The Construction of Communalism in India, Solidarity, (Retrieved on January 12, 2016).

Puniyani, Ram (August 5, 2013): “Hindutva Agenda and Elections 2014,” South Asian Citizen Web, (Retrieved December 01, 2014).

Dabhade, Neha (January 15, 2016): Communal Violence 2015: Glimpse into Uttar Pradesh, Bihar & Haryana, Centre for Study of Society and Secularism (CSSS), (Retrieved on March 14, 2016).

Jacob S.J, Fr. Sunny, Reflection: The Birth, Growth and the Ideology of Hindutva, (Retrieved January on 12, 2016).

Engineer, Asghar Ali (03 January, 2003): Communal Riots 2003, Centre for Study of Society and Secularism (CSSS), (Retrieved on March 26, 2016).

people died in 561 incidents of communal riots in India in 2014, (November 26, 2016): Mid Day, (Retrieved on April 24, 2016).

killed in 561 communal violence till October, Uttar Pradesh tops the list, (December 2, 2014): The Indian Express, (Retrieved on April 24, 2016).

Dubbudu, Rakesh (December 1, 2015): India had 58 communal incidents per month in the last 5 years & 85% of these incidents happen in just 8 states, Factly, (Retrieved on March 14, 2016).

Sharma, Aman (July 21, 2015): Communal violence in the country up by 25% in first five months of 2015, The Economic Times, (Retrieved on March 24, 2016).

Dubbudu, India had 58.

Dabhade, Communal Violence 2015.

Sethi, Abheet Singh (July 10, 2015): Uttar Pradesh, India’s Communal Tinderbox, The Wire, (Retrieved on March 14, 2016).

Khan, Atiq (July 1, 2015): U.P. on edge as communal tensions rise other states, The Hindu, (Retrieved on March 24, 2016).

Not so peaceful after all: In 2015, communal clash deaths in India have spiked by 25 percent (February 24, 2016): Firstpost, (Retrieved on March 13, 2016).

India witnessed 17% increase in communal violence in 2015, says home ministry (February 24, 2016): Firstpost, (Retrieved on March 13, 2016).

Sethi, Uttar Pradesh.

Khaleeque, Nazia (January 2015): Communal Violence in Muzaffarnagar: State Politics and General Elections-2014, Acme International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, III, no. Ihttp://researchjournals .in/ AIJMR/2015/3.1/3103.pdf (Retrieved on February 2, 2015).

Dubbudu, Rakesh (September 13, 2015): History of Indian Parliament Elections (Lok Sabha), Factly, (Retrieved on March 26, 2016).

Khaleeque, Communal Violence, p 14.

Pai, Sudha and Kumar, Avinash (Delhi: Sage Publication, 2015): Understanding the BJP’s victory in Uttar Pradesh,” in India’s 2014 Elections: A Modi Led BJP Sweep, ed. Paul Wallace, p 135-136.

Dayal, Jhon (New Delhi: Anhad Publication, 2014): 100 Days under the New Regime the State of Minorities: A Report, p 4.

Communal incidents on rise in 2015, UP tops the list, says Home Ministry (August 02, 2015): IBN Live, (Retrieved on March 23, 2016).

Dabhade, Communal Violence 2015.

Bhowmick, Sourjya (November 14, 2015): Why has Uttar Pradesh become a communal tinderbox?, Catch News, (Retrieved on March 27, 2016).

Jain, Bharti (February 24, 2016): India sees rise in communal violence, UP leads states, Times of India, (Retrieved on August 02, 2016).

Dabhade, Communal Violence 2015.

Ali, Mohammad (October 6, 2015): Dadri tension spills over to neighbouring areas, The Hindu, (Retrieved on March 19, 2016).

Subramanya, Rupa (October 14, 2015): Think India has become more communal under Modi? The numbers will disappoint you, News laundry, (Retrieved on March 13, 2016).

Dabhade, Neha (January 01, 2106): Communal Violence, Rise in Hatred and Polarization: Threats engulfing India in 2015,, (Retrieved on March 22, 2016).

Dabhade, Communal Violence 2015.

Dabhade, Communal Violence.


BJP Criticises ‘Communal’ Politics Played by Azam Khan (October 06, 2015): The New Indian Express, , (Retrieved on March 23, 2016).

Communal violence increased since BJP came to power, says Sharad Yadav (October 4, 2015): The Indian Express, (Retrieved on March 24, 2016).

BJP SP spar over communal clashes in Uttar Pradesh (October 26, 2015): The Economic Times, (Retrieved on March 23, 2106).

Ali, Mohammad and Singh,Vijaita (December 29, 2015): It was mutton, not beef: Dadri probe report, The Hindu, (Retrieved on March 19, 2016).

BJP SP spar over.


Ali, Mohammad (October 4, 2015): Will try to get bail for Dadri accused, says BJP MLA Sangeet Som, The Hindu, (Retrieved on March 24, 2016).

Bhardwaj, Ashutosh (October 18, 2015): RSS mouthpiece defends Dadri lynching: Vedas order killing of sinners who kill cows, The Indian Express, (Retrieved on January 06, 2016).

Ramachandran, Smriti Kak and Joshua, Anita (August 14, 2014): Congress, BJP spar over ‘communal politics, The Hindu, (Retrieved on March 23, 2016).

Mob Killing 'Pre¬ Planned,’ Says Asaduddin Owaisi, Attacks PM for 'Silence' (October 02, 2015): NDTV, (Retrieved on March 29, 2016).

UP govt ‘more to blame’ for Dadri lynching incident than BJP, RSS: Mayawati (October 1, 2015): The Indian Express, (Retrieved on March 28, 2016).

Ali, Mohammad (October 5, 2015): BJP MLA invokes Muzaffarnagar riots in Dadri, The Hindu, (Retrieved on March 26, 2016).

Nath, Damini (October 7, 2015): Dadri incident a well planned conspiracy, says report, The Hindu, (Retrieved on March 24, 2016).

Khaleeque, Communal Violence, p 16.

Ibid, p 16.

Ali & Singh, Dadri lynching.

Firing on ‘kar sevaks’ in Ayodhya in 1990 was the only option: Mulayam Singh Yadav (January 25, 2016): Zee News, (Retrieved on March 28, 2016).

Srivastava, Piyush (March 23, 2015): Mulayam admits 1990 Ayodhya shooting lost him Hindu vote bank, Daily Mail Online, (Retrieved on March 28, 2016).

decision to order firing on ‘kar sevaks’ painful, Mulayam Singh Yadav says (July 16, 2013): ¬Times of India, (Retrieved on March 28, 2016).

Chougaonkar, Sameer (22 December 2015): RamMandir2.0: Why the bricks are flowing in again into Ayodhya, Catch News, (Retrieved on March 28, 2016).

Kapoor, Pradeep (February 15, 2016): Ayodhya: BJP blows on Mandir embers, Hard News, (Retrieved on March 28, 2016).


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.