Characteristics of Landscape and Surrounding Qualities of Schools in Klang Valley

Salina Mohamed Ali Salina, Katiman Rostam Katiman, Abd Hair Awang Abd Hair

Abstract


The conducive environment surrounding the schools could bring about positive impact or stimulation on the learning process and it could indirectly develop the students’ knowledge besides the students’ awareness of the nature. The motive of this project paper is to identify the types, characteristics and to evaluate the landscape quality of the schools in Klang Valley based on the location, level of schooling, types and the medium. For the said reason, secondary data were obtained from the official website of the Ministry of Education, Malaysia and primary data were collected through observation with the use of checklists on landscapes at 70 schools in the Klang Valley which was randomly picked from February until November 2012. The results of the research indicate that the surrounding landscape of the schools in Klang Valley has natural characteristics; a soft landscape with main species such as acacia trees, hibiscus plants and palms; man made landscape such as gazebo, fish pond and sculptures. Analysis indicates that the quality of the surrounding landscape differs according to location, level of schooling and type of schools. Urban schools rank the top in comparison to rural schools. Generally, the landscape of secondary schools are of better quality in comparison to that of primary schools; the landscape quality of boarding schools are better off in comparison to prime secondary schools followed by the nasional primary schools, the Chinese schools and Tamil schools. Quality landscapes help to develop the learning process, students’ knowledge and their awareness of the nature and surroundings.


Keywords


Characteristics of Landscapes at schools, Quality of Landscapes at schools, urban schools, rural schools, level of schooling, soft landscape, man made landscape.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdul Hakim Mohammed, Maimunah Sapri, Maizan Baba. (2006). Pengurusan Fasiliti. Skudai: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Babbie, E. (1998). The practice of social research. Ed. Ke-8. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company.

Brethour, C., Watson, G., Sparling, B., Bucknell, D. & Moore, T. (2007). Literature Review of Documented Health and Environmental Benefits Derived from Ornamental Horticulture Products. Agriculture and Agri-Food. Canada: Ontario.

Brink, L. & Yoast, B. (2004). Transforming inner-city school grounds: Lessons from learning landscapes. Children, Youth and Environments 12: 208–232.

Department of Meteorology Malaysia, Ministery of Science, Technology and Innovation. 2012. - http://www.met.gov.my.

Graham, H., & Zidenberg-Cherr, S. (2005). California teachers perceive school gardens as an effective nutritional tool to promote healthful eating habits. Journal of American Dietetic Association 105: 1797–1800.

Graham, H., Feenstra, G., Evans & Zidenberg-Cherr, S. (2004). The Davis school program supports lifelong healthy eating habits in children. California Agriculture 58: 200–205.

Hasliza Abdul Majid, (1995). Planning Landscape Suitable For Residential Area. Skudai: University Technology Malaysia.

Izran Sarazzin, (2005). The Development of Landscape management system for pejabat harta bina, UTM : A Study for Guideline, UTM, Unpublished Master Thesis.

Katiman Rostam. (2006a). Migration to the suburbs of the Klang Valley Metropolitan Region. Akademika, 68.

Katiman Rostam. (2006b). Urbanization and the metropolitan development of Klang Valley-Langat, Malaysia. E-Bangi 1 (1) (July-December), 1-27.

Mustapa Kamal Mohd Shariff. (1989). Ornamental Horticulture and Landscape. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka.

Nik Rohhayati. (2008). Student perception of school landscape and its influence on learning experience at the award winning secondary school in Kelantan, Malaysia. Unpublished Master Thesis. University of Putra Malaysia.

Nor Ain Mohd. Rejab, (2006). Residential landscape. Published : Dewan bahasa dan Pustaka, Selangor.

Nor Azian bt Mohd Hanafiah. (2008). Effective landscape management practices: A case study leisure park project by local authorities state. Perak. Unpublished Master Thesis. University of Science Malaysia..

Noriah Othman. (2004). A Cross-cultural comparison on preferences towards selected urban landscape planting compositions. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Technology MARA.

Periplus, (2001). 500 Popular tropical plants. Australia: Random house Pty Ltd.

Tamminen, T. (2001). The ultimate guide to pool maintenance, 3rd edition, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. United States of America.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.