Chemical Basis for the Traditional Test Used for Loha Bhasma

Mrudula P Wadekar


Characterization of the genuine metallic bhasmas and confirmation of their identity and authenticity is very important for their safer use. Complete conversation of metallic powder to the bhasma is essential for this purpose. In ancient days traditional test like test of Phyllanthus emblica with loha bhasma was one of the significant test to identify genuine loha bhasma.In the present study, five commercial samples of Loha bhasma ie

 bhasma of iron  are subjected to this test to find presence or absence of free iron in the samples, using traditional ayurvedic test and chemical basis for the same is provided using UV-Visible spectroscopy. Importance and practical utility of the test is also discussed in this communication.


Loha Bhasma, ayurvedic test, Phyllanthus emblica, UV-Visible spectra.

Full Text:



Chopra R. N. (1982) ,Indagenous Drug of India, Academic Publisher, Calcutta. New Delhi.

Vaidya Kudtarkar Shastri(1954), Research in Ayurvedic Medicines, Dhanwantari Aushadhalaya, Pune .

Wadekar M.P., Rode C.V., Bendale Y.N. , Patil K.R., Prabhune A.A., (2005) Preparation and Characterization of a copper based Indian traditional drug :Tamra Bhasma., Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 39, 951- 955.,

Wadekar M.P., Rode C.V., Bendale Y.N., Patil K.R., Gaikwad A. B., Prabhune A.A. (2006), Study of effect of calcination cycles on the preparation of tin based traditional drug:Studies on its formation and characterization, Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis. 41, 1473-1478.,

Kulkarni(Wadekar)Mrudula ,. Panse G.T ,.Kulkarni B.A and Bendale Yogesh (2004), Characterization of Raupya Bhasma by using modern analytical techniques,Journal of Indian Medicine and Homeopathy Vol. 3 No4, 37.

Wadekar Mrudula , Gogte Viswas , Khandagale Prasad and Prabhune Asmita, (2004), Comparative study of some commercial samples of Naga Bhasma, Ancient Science of Life Vol 23 No 4 , 48.

Kulkarni S. B. (Dudhagavkar) (1976), Rasaratnnasammuchhya, Shivaji University Publication Kolhapur.

Borkar D. B.Rasaratnnakar, (1970), Shri. Gajanana Book Depot, Pune.

Wadekar Mrudula , Bendale Yogesh , Jadhav Pratibha and Prabhune Asmita, (2006), Standeardization and Chemical Interpretation of Traditional Curd Test for Tamra bhasma, National Symposium on Designing the Molecular World Through Chemistry,Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.

Wadekar Mrudula , Takale Shivaji , Lad Rupali , Jadhav Pratibha and Kulkarni

B. A. (2006), Validity of The Traditional Test for Loha bhasma Involving Use of Phallanthus Emblica and its Practical Utility,2nd International Symposium on Drug Discovery and Process Research, Belgam (Karnataka).

Wadekar Mrudula , Takale S. T. , Jadhav Pratibha and Lad Rupali, (2006),Use of Naturally Occurring Chelating Ligands to Test The Acceptibility of Metal-Based Ayurvedic Bhasmas, 37th International Conference on Coordination Chemistry, Cape Town, South Africa.

Chaudhuri, Ratan K. Guttierez, Gilles and Serrar, Mustafa(2003).: Low Molecular-Weight Tannins of Phyllanthus emblica: A New Class of Anti-Aging Ingredients. Proceedings Active Ingredients Conference, Paris.

Singh Ekta , Sharma Sheel , Pareek Ashutosh, Dwivedi Jaya , Yadav Sachdev and Sharma Swapnil,(2011), Phytochemistry, traditional uses and cancer chemopreventive activity of Amla (Phyllanthus emblica): The Sustainer. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 02 (01), 176-183.

Iglesius J., Garcia E, DE Saldana and Jaen J.A,(2001) On the tannic acid interaction with metallic iron.,Hyperfine interactions, 134, 109-114.

Fazary Ahmed Eid, Taha Mohamad and Yi-Hsu Ju,(2009), Iron complexation studies of gallic acid., J. Chem, Eng. Data, 54, 35-42.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.