Shillong – A Story of Evolution

Vinetie C.S. Dkhar

Abstract


Shillong, a hill-station nestled in the bosom of the sub-Himalayan terrains of North-East India boasted of such picturesque landscape and pristine climatic conditions that it was christened ‘The Scotland of the East”. The Britishers who sojourned there during the hey-days of the Raj vindicated this little obscure hamlet when they shifted their civil administrative headquarter here from neighbouring Cherrapunjee. Eventually it was elevated to become the capital of the Assam Province and later the state capital of Meghalaya. The original natives of the area known as the Khasis practice a matrilineal society and were animistic in their traditional beliefs. However with the onset of a rapidly growing mixed population and the need for a fast-paced lifestyle, modernity is exacting a heavy toll on the socio-cultural ethos of an erstwhile untouched society.


Keywords


Scotland of the East, Khasis, seat of government, cosmopolitan town, different mission bodies, rapid growth, climatic and social serenity, cultural identity, grim realities, modernity.

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References


Bareh, Hamlet. The History and Culture of the Khasi People, Spectrum Publishers, 1985.

Bhuyan, A.C. & Dey, S.(ed) Political History of Assam Vol.II (Gauhati, 1978).

Choudhury, J.N., The Khasi Canvas, Shillong: J. Choudhury, 1978.

Gait, Edward A., Sir, History of Assam, Thacker, Spink & Company, 1967 – Assam, India.

Gurdon, P.R.T., Major, The Khasis, Echo Library, 2007.

Lahiri, R.M., The Annexation of Assam, Calcutta, General Printers and Publishers, 1954.

Mackenzie, Alexander, The North-East Frontier of India, Mittal Publications, Delhi, 1981.


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