Biological Weapons: covert threats to Global Health Security

Rakibul Hasan

Abstract


Biological weapons, never a new phenomena in terms of health security as originated in the ancient ear and still survive today through its self-updating living germs (which is likely adapted to modern vaccinations and antibiotics) and the contribution sophisticated lab researches of reverse genetics. The paper shows the entire development eras, ranged to the present with due focus on the future bioweapons as a war strategy and, just opposite to health security. With the initiation of Biological Weapon Convention (BWC) in 1972, the bioweapons' holding countries signed the treaty clearing their stands not to produce, develop, stockpile biological weapons, and transfer the technology. Unfortunately, they had better gone to the underground with their covert research on weaponization on biological germs and viruses. Unlike chemical, radiological, and conventional weapons, biological weapons many times more deadly for its rapid transmissibility rate, self-reproduction and adaptation features. Most importantly, victim states cannot identify the release of biological agents until these turn into pandemics when it is too late.

The paper aims at proving the proposition that weaponization of biological germs and viruses pose pandemic threats to global health security of entire human race, plants, and animals as was 600 BC. However, the paper intends to deal with only human aspects now. Besides, main objectives include analyzing dangerous stockpile of bioeapons in the Middle East, USA, and North Korea etc.

With the substantial rise of non-state actors, terrorist groups and individual actors may likely access these bioweapons as it involves very easy mechanism to produce and develop germs into lethal weapons in the era of science and tech. Think what might happen if Al-Qaeda acquire it?

These qualitative research method produces a set of specific policy recommendations at the end and before, it presents some blatant criticism of Biological Weapons Conventions (BWC) and the super powers and state alliances allegedly involve in making biological weapons.


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