A study of the knowledge and practices of nurses regarding management of pain in patients undergoing cardio thoracic surgery in selected hospitals in Mumbai
Abdellah, Faye and Lervine, Eugene. (1979): Better Patient Care through Nursing Research, 2nd edn, NewYork: Macmillan Publishing Company.
Alexander, M. (1994): Nursing Practice, Hospital and Home, Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders and Company.
Atsberger, D.B. (1995): “Relaxation Therapy- Its Potential as an Intervention of
Brothers Medical Publishers of Paediatrics, 64, No-3, 351-367. Physiological,
Philadelphia: Bailliera Tindall.
Barbara. F, Cape. (1973): Balliers Nurses Dictionary, 17th edn, London: English Language Book Society Publication.
Basvanthappa, B.T. (1998): Nursing Research, 1st edn, New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers.
Berkowitz, R.A.et al. (1997): “Post-Operative Pain Management.” The Indian Journal
Black, J. M. and Matassarin, J. (1993): Medical Surgical Nursing Psychophysiologic Approach, Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders and Company.
Bruna, Pauline, Craven Ruth F, Patrick Maxine, et al. (1986): Medical Surgical Nursing Pathophysiological concepts. 1st edn, Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company.
Carson, M.(1996): “Impact of a Relaxation Technique On the Hipid Profile.” Nursing
Research, 45, 271-276.
Catherine, Soanes. (2003): Compact Oxford Reference Dictionary, 5th edn, New York: Oxford University Press.
Coppz, A.L. and E.M. Jeans. (Ed) (1985): Perspective of Pain, New York: Churchill Livingstone.
Cousins, M. (1994): Acute and post-operative pain. Text book of Pain, 3rd edn, Edinburgh Churchill Living stone.
Davitz, L.L. and R.J. Davitz. (1980): Nurses Response to Patients suffering, New York: Springer Publishing Company.
Dorothy Dale, Linda Torma. et.al (2001): “Pain as a fifth vital sign.” American
Journal of Nursing, Jan. 101, No.2, 44 - 49.
Eloise, Carr.(1994): “How to Improve Pain Management Practices.” Nursing Times,
Oct 93, No - 42, 52-53.
Eloise, Carr.(1997): “Assessing Pain – A Vital Part of Nursing Care.” Nursing Times,
Sept. 38, 46-48.
Garret, H. (1997): Statistics in Psychology & Education, 6th edn, Mumbai: Vakils and Simpsons.
Haplin Linda. (1999): “Guided Imagery in Cardiac Surgery.” American Journal of
Nursing. July, 13, No.- 4, 166-172.
Harrison, A. (1991): “As sensing Patients Pain; Identify Reasons For error.” Cancer
Nursing, 16, 1018-1025.
Hart, K.L. et.al. (1981): Concepts Common to Acute Illness Identification and Management, St. Louis: C.V. Mosby Company.
Helen, Hollin, Worth. (1994): “No Gain? - Post operative Pain.” Nursing Times, 90,
No- 1, 24-27.
Heve, M. (1991): “Pain and discomfort after coronary artery bypass surgery.” Cardio
vascular Nursing, 27.Nov 19-23.
Hosking, Jane and Welchew Eward. (1985): Post-Operative Pain- Understanding Its Nature and How to Treat It, London: Faber & Faber.
Janet, W.G and Christensen, J.P: Application of Theories, Frameworks and Models, 2nd edn, U.S.A: The C.V. Mosby Company.
Jansen, K.J et al. (1986): “Post-operative nursing management revascularization with
the internal mammary artery bypass.” Heart, Lung, 15, 48 – 54.
Joan Simon, Linda Frank. et.al. (2001): “Parent involvement in children’s pain care-
view of parents and nurses.” Journal of American Nursing, Nov. 36, No.4, 591.
John, Cornwell. (1994): “How Do Nurses View Their Role In Pain Control.” Nursing
Times, Feb 90, No-5, 20-21.
Julia B. George. (1966): Nursing Theories Base of Professional Nursing Practice. 2nd edn, Norwalk: Appleton Century Crofts.
Kehlet, H.(1994): “Post-Operative Pain Relief – What Is The Issue ?” British Journal
of Anesthesia, 72, 375-378.
Kinney, M. (1993): AACN’s Clinical Reference for Critical Care Nursing, St. Louis: The C.V. Mosby Publications.
Kirchoff, K.T. (1982): “A diffusion survey of coronary precautions.” Nursing Research, 31, 196-201.
Kumar Vijaya. (1991): The sterling Book of Quotations, New Delhi: sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Lamb, J.I. and Carlson, V.R. (Ed) (1986): Handbook of Cardio vascular Nursing, Philadelphia, J.B. Lippincott Company.
Long, B.C. and W.J. Phipps. (1989): Medical Surgical Nursing, St Louis: The C.V. Mosby Company.
Luckman, J. and Sorensen, K.C. (1990): Medical Surgical Nursing; A Psychological Approach, 2nd edn, Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders and Company.
Mackintosh, C. (1994): “Do Nurses Provide Adequate Post-Operative Pain Relief?”
British Journal of Nursing, 7, 342-7.
Mackintosh, C. (1997): “Evaluation of A Nurse-Led Acute Pain service.” Nursing
Research, 25, No -1, 30-37.
Marlies, De.Rond.et al. (2001): “The implementation of A Pain Monitoring Programme
for Nurses in Daily Clinical Practice.” Journal of Advanced Nursing, 35, No-4, 980-
Maxam – Moore.et. al. (1994): “Analgesics for cardiac surgery patients in critical care – Describing current practice. American Journal of Critical Care. 3, 31 – 39.
Mc Leod, G.A. (1995): “Clinical Staff Knowledge of acute Pain Relief.” Nursing
Times, July 91, No-28, 11.
McCaffery, M and A. Beebe. (1989): “Pain, Clinical Manual for Nursing Practice.” St. Louis: Mosby Company.
Medical Surgical Nursing. 7th edn, Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company.
Melzack, Ronald. (1970): Pain Measurement Assessment, New York. Raveen Press.
Naparstek B. (1994) Staying Well with Guided Imagery: 1st edn, New York. Warner
O’ Gara, P. (1998): “The hemodynamic consequence of pain and its management.”
Journal of Intensive care Medicine, 3, 3-5.
Olson, J. et.al. (1997): “Nurse – expressed empathy, patient outcomes, and development of a middle - range theory – image. The Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 29, 71 -76.
Olson, J.K. (1995): “Relationship between Nurse - expressed empathy, patient –
perceived empathy and patient distress – Image.” The Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 27, 317 – 322.
Orem, D.et.al. (1991): ‘Nursing; Concept of Practice.’ McGraw Hill: New York.
Owen, H, McMillan, V. Rogowski D. (1990): Postoperative pain therapy. A surgery
of patients’ expectations and their experience. Pain, 41, 303 – 307.
Philadelphia: Lippincott Company, Hungler B.P.
Polit, D.F. and Hungler B.P. (1991): Nursing Research Principles and Methods.
Potter, Patricia A. and Anne G, Perry. (1993): Fundamentals of Nursing – Concepts, Process and Practice, 3rd edn, St .Louis: Mosby Year book.
Puntillo, K. (1994): “Pain, Its Mediators and Associated Morbidity in Critically ill CVS
Patients.” Nursing Research, 43, No 1, 88-92.
Puntillo, K.A. (1990): “Pain experience of intensive care unit patients, Heart & Lung, 19, 526 – 533.
Redekar, N.S. (1994): “First Post, operative Week Activity Patterns and Recovery in
Women after CABG.” Nursing Research, 43, 168-173.
Seers, Kate. (1987): “Perception of Pain.” Nursing Times, 83, No - 48, 37-39.
Smeltzer, Suzanne C and B.G.Bare. (1992): Brunner and Suddarth’s Tent book of
Strevy, S. (1998): “Myths and Facts about Pain.” Nursing Times, 42-48.
Swanell, J. (1986): Little Oxford Dictionary. 6th edn, Calcutta: Oxford University
Thomas, V.J. (1997): “Anticipating And Experiencing Post-Operative Pain- The
Patients Perspective.” Journal of Clinical Nursing, 6 , 191-201.
Tolia, J.C. (1994): “Acupuncture in Pain Management Its Scopes and Limitations.” Bombay Hospital Journal, 36, No-1, 75-80.
Tripathi, K.P(1999): Essentials of Medical Pharmacology, 4th edn, New Delhi: Jaypee
Tusek D, Church. et.al (2000): “Guided imagery as a coping strategy for perioperative patients.” American Association of Critical Nursing Clinical issue, 11, 68 – 76.
Tusek. D.L, Ceoynare R. (1999): “Effect of guided imagery on length of stay, pain and anxiety in cardiac surgery patients.” Journal of Cardio vascular Management, 10, 2, 22 - 28.
Valdix. S.W.et.al. (1995): “Pain - pain relief and accuracy of their recall after cardiac surgery.” Progress in cardio-vascular Nursing, 10, 3 – 11.
Victoria, A. Fahey. (1999): Vascular Nursing, 4th edn, U.S.A.: W.B.Saunder Company.
Wakefield, A.(1995): “An Account of Nurses Talk.” Journal Of Advanced Nursing, 21, 905-910.
Ward S. F. et.al. (1996): “Patient satisfaction and pain severity as outcomes in pain management, a longitudinal view of one settings experience.” Journal of Pain and symptom Management, 11, 242 – 251.
Watson, J.E and J.R. Royle. (1987): Watson’s Medical Surgical Nursing and Related Acute Post-Operative Pain.” Journal Of Post Anesthesia, Feb 10, 2-8
Watt-Watson. et.al. (2000): “Relationship between nurses’ pain knowledge and pain management outcomes for their post-operative cardiac patients.” Journal of Advanced Nursing. Nov. 36, 535 – 545.
White, Carole. (1999): “Changing Pain Management Practice and Impacting on Patients Outcome.” Clinical Nurse Specialist, 13, No-4, 166-172.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.