Chemical Quality of Groundwater Resource of Mandwada Area, Barwani District, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Dayaram Solanki, Pramendra Dev

Abstract


Chemical analysis of groundwater of Mandwada area confined to Barwani district, Madhya Pradesh in India has been carried out to determine the suitability of groundwater quality for the domestic, drinking, and irrigation purposes. Groundwater samples have been collected from different villages within the Mandwada area. The samples have been analyzed to determine, physical parameters like colour, odour, taste, pH, TDS, Specific Conductivity and Hardness, the chemical parameters such as Ca, Mg, Na, K, HCO3, CO3, SO4, and Cl. The parameters such as Kelly’s Ratio, Sodium Percent, Sodium Adsorption Ratio (SAR), Residual Sodium Carbonate (RSC) and Magnesium Adsorption Ratio have been determined. Physical analysis indicates that all samples are colourless odourless and tasteless. TDS values of 950-1250 ppm and Sp. Conductivity 580- 988 μS/cm are observed. The lowest T. D. S. is recorded as 950 ppm and Specific Conductivity to be 580 μS/cm in the Koydiya area. The pH values range from 7.5  to 9.7  Chemical analysis indicates the presence of ionic values expressed in ppm of Ca (150 – 390), Mg (65 – 88), Na (169 – 411), K (1 ­- 4), HCO3 (212 - 890), CO3 (162 - 964), SO4 (169 - 901), Cl (391 - 810).  Groundwater is of Ca Mg HCO3 CO3 SO4 type. The analyzed data have been evaluated and compared with standard parameters to determine the suitability of groundwater quality for domestic and drinking uses. Based on determination of chemical parameters such as Sodium Percent, Sodium Adsorption Ratio and Specific Conductivity, and plotting these values on U. S. Salinity diagram and Willcox diagram, the chemical quality suitability for irrigation has been determined as excellent to permissible in Mandwada area.

Keywords


Chemical quality, Groundwater, Mandwada, Barwani, Madhya Pradesh Domestic, Drinking, Irrigation.

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References


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