SEASONAL VARIATION OF DEFICIENCY OF WATER FOR DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION: A CASE STUDY OF JORHAT TOWN, ASSAM

Mayurakshi Bhuyan Baruah

Abstract


Water deficiency in cities and town all over the world is a burning and most critical issue in recent times. No city or town’s settlement can exist without water. The problem and concern of city water supply pertain to quantity, quality and equity-across different segments and different sections of population. At the same time cities continue to expand at a rapid rate and its ever increasing number of population which exerts the existing water resources. The existing water supplies are inadequate to meet the growing demands and at the same time use of water bodies as dumping grounds for all sorts of waste have been polluting both surface and ground water. This paper tries to highlight the seasonal variation of deficiency of water for domestic consumption in Jorhat town, Assam. Both primary and secondary data has been used to identify the water deficient areas in Jorhat town in both pre-monsoon and post-monsoon seasons and methodology has been adopted here a strategic approach of water scarcity indicator which is based on two determinants of water demand of the people and water supply from the sources. The classification of different water deficiency level is authors own construction based on the gap between water demand and water supply. The results pertains that all the municipal wards are not covered by piped water supply and people are still struggling to collect water from other sources which is fully contaminated. 


Keywords


Water deficiency; Seasonal Variation; Domestic Consumption; Piped Water Supply

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References


Lanka Rainwater Harvesting Forum, (1999). Concept of Water Security entailing Domestic Roof Water Harvesting. Milestone report D2 project. Domestic Roof water harvesting in the Humid Tropics, Sri Lanka.

Bhuyan, M. and Husain, Z., (2014). Spatio-Temporal Variation of Scarcity of Water for Domestic Consumption: A Case Study of Jorhat Town, Assam. International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 7 (1): 128-134.


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