Intergovernmental Cooperation in Brazil and India: Different Paths to Federalism

Helder Ferreira do Vale


Brazil and India stand out as being the largest federations in terms population and territory among countries of the Global South. It is possible to argue that federalism in Brazil and in India has shaped the way these countries accommodated the social, ethnic, and economic diversity spread across their vast territory. In the process of building their federation, both countries have developed different intergovernmental political dynamics shaping the way intergovernmental cooperation evolved over time. With the attempt to identify the distinct traits of intergovernmental cooperation in Brazil and India, this article analyzes the cooperative mechanisms developed in both countries in the intergovernmental arena. In India, federal cooperation is more closely connected with political dynamics than in Brazil, where cooperation became more institutionalized over time.


federalism, intergovernmental cooperation, decentralization, federal coordination.

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