The effect of 8 weeks combined exercises on dynamic and static balance in low mentally children

Mehrdad Anbarian

Abstract


The aim of the present study, is the effect of 8 weeks combined exercises on dynamic and static balance in low mentally children in  Khorramabad. the research method was  Semi-empirical, respectively. The sample included 45 children, boys and girls aged 10 to 12 low mentally from khoramabad with intelligence quotient 58-50 which have participated   voluntarily and purposefully in this  research plan, and they  randomly were divided, into three groups: boy (n = 15) girl (n = 15) and control (n = 15 consists of 7 girls and 8 boys). The research  independent variables are, 8 weeks combined workouts (fitness workouts and Central stability exercises) and the dependent variables include static and dynamic balance. Balance measurement using two Y-test (to measure the dynamic balance) and the BESS tests was performed to evaluate static balance. Analyze data with K.S test (to determine the normal being the distribution of the data), dependent t-test ,single way Anova and  Tukey pursuit test showed that there was no significant difference between and the influences of 8 weeks combined exercises on static balance (P = 0/17) and dynamic (P = 0/94) boy and girl low mentally children, .there was significant effect in Eight weeks combined exercises on  static and dynamic balance of little boy low mentally  children (P = 0.0001).


Keywords


Combined exercises, static balance, dynamic balance, exercises of the Central stability

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dastjerdi, Mahdi.; Behdad, Behnam (1379), a study on the basic problems of dynamic skills in low mentally educable students in Tehran, the Ministry of education, exceptional children, research place.

Rafei, Talat (1383), regulation and rhythmic movements, supervisor of teachers, therapists and family, of Tehran; danzhe publishing.

khalaji, Hassan; Emad, Mahshid (1382), the effect of the selected dynamic program on the performance of children's psychological transitions 6-4 years old leaflet of dynamic Sciences and sport.

Moghimi Azari, M.B.; Poorsharifi, Hamid (1375), preparation and codification abnormal finding of ryon psychometrics adult for youth aged 15-19, Tabriz, Tabriz University publications.

Daneshmandi, Hassan; Barati Amir Hossein ,Ahmadi,Rahmat (1392) effect of exercises the stability of the central on State of low mental balance boy educable students , leaflet rehabilitation, term14, number 3.

Dastmanesh, Siavash; Shojaedin Seyed Sadredin (1390) the effect of exercises of central stability of body on stature control in individuals with instability chronic of ankle, quarterly Jahrom University of medical sciences, spring (1390); 9 (1): 14-22.

Pirani, Mahdieh; Hamid Mohebbi,; Nakhosteen ,Roohi Babak ,khoori, Abolfazl (1389), mentalthe effect of 8 weeks training program of the Central stability on hearing handicapped students balance, sports medicine leaflet, number7.

Ahmadi,,Rahmat; Danshmandi, Hassan; Barati ,Amir Hossein (1390);effect of 6 weeks exercises of the Central stability on dynamic balance of low mental and healthy people, two quarterly research in sport and technology medicine,second year , no. 3.

Hosseini, Roghaye;; Sadeghi, Heydar (1389) the effect and permanency of short-term and long-term Central stability on static and dynamic balance of adolescent girls; 6th National Conference of physical education and Sport Sciences students in Iran.

Bharati R. Adjustment problems of educable mentally retarded. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications.2012; 2(6):1-5.

Haines, D.E., (2002). Fundamental Neuroscience.Churchill Livingstone, Philadelphia, PA, Pgs. 256-272.

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev). Washington, DC: Author.2000.

Panjabi, M. Abumi, K. Duranceau, J. (1989). " Spinal stability and inter segmental muscle forces: a biomechanical model". Spine, 14, PP:194-199.

Willson JD, Dougherty CP, Ireland ML, Davis IM. Core stability and its relation to lower extremity function and injury. J Am Acad Orthop Sury. 2005; 13:316-325

Kibler WB, Press J, Sciascia A. The role of core stability in athletic function .Sports Med 2006; 36(3): 189-98.

Hertel, J.Miller, SJ. Denegar CR. (2000). " Intra tester and inter tester reliablility during excursion balance test". J sport rehabilitation. 9, PP:104-112.

Lephart S.M, Fu F.H. Proprioception and neuromuscular control in joint stability. New Zealand, Human Kinetics 2000; p. 40-48.

Okada T, Huxel KC, Nesser TW. Relationship between core stability, functional movement, and performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2011; 25(1):252-261.

Norris, CM. (2001). " Functional load abdominal training: part I" . physther sport, 2,PP: 29-39.

Bergmark, A., 1989. Stability of the lumbar spine: A study in mechanical engineering. Acta Orthop Scand; 230: 20–24.

Gribble, P.A., Robinson, R.H. Hertel J. and dengar, C.R. (2009). "The effects of gender of gender and fatigue on dynamic postural control". J sport rehabil. 18(2). PP:240-57.

Jafari Z, Malayeri S, Rezazadeh N, Haji heydari F. Performance of dynamic and static balance in children with severe to profound congenital hearing loss. Journal of audiometric. 2011; 20(2): [In Persian].


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.