The effect of the relaxation training on the general health and selected physical fitness factors affecting seniors balance

Akram Ghahramani


The effectiveness of relaxation training on general health and fitness factors influencing the balance of elderly women were examined. Experimental and quasi-experimental was our methods . 120 healthy women aged over 60 years were randomly assigned to three groups of water (40) Yoga (40) and control group (40). General Health Questionnaire, Stork Test in order to measure mental health and Wales Test for  static balance, flexibility was used. Up and down stairs test to measure dynamic balance to measure muscle strength in the lower body and legs standing chair was used. One-way ANOVA and t-test were used for data analysis. The results showed that water exercise can improve dynamic balance, muscle strength, static balance, and depression, but did not cause significant changes in the variable flexibility. On the other hand yoga significantly improved muscle strength, dynamic balance, static balance and subscales depression (p ≤ 0.001). The mean scores of anxiety and depression in the yoga group better than the control group. As a result, the use of water exercise and practice yoga leads to improved cognitive static and dynamic balance, muscle strength in the lower extremities and some mental health subscales of anxiety, depression and social functions.


The general health questionnaire, Stork test, dynamic balance, static balance, muscle strength.

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