‘Applications of Nanotechnology for Purification of Water and its Comparison with Traditional methods, Green Nanotechnology’
Nanotechnology is the branch of science that makes use of materials whose structures have characteristics features on the nano scale i.e. on the scale 109 meter. Water is purified by various methods such as physical, chemical, and biological treatments. Treatement methods mainly depend on the purpose and use which water is input to. With each method different types of pollutants are removed to some degree. However, none of mentioned methods guarantee the absolute purity because of various technical flaws associated with the methods. Some of the methods incur huge financial inputs and some are time consuming. Green nanotechnology offers solution to many of these problems and is considered an an important technological improvements.The main objective of this study was focused on Water purification using nanotechnology.Ten water samples were taken and analyzed for various parameter like temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, Total Hardness, calcium, magnesium, chloride, Alkalinity, D.O. etc. and then same water samples were purified by using nanomaterial such as carbon nano tubes and alumina fibers for nanofilteration.The purified water is again analyzed for same parameters as mentioned above and the data is compared with the data prescribed by W.H.O. Through different studied have shown that improvement of the quality of drinking water is possible with this advanced method over traditional method which can ensure quality, are energy efficient, cost effective. An effort is therefore made in the paper to compare the results obtained by this advanced method with the results obtained by traditional methods.
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